This period was pivotal in the history of Alberta’s Francophones. At the beginning, Francophones represented a very strong demographic, political and economic weight in the province as a whole. But there an opposing political movement emerged in favour of asserting the English language and British influence over the laws of the Northwest Territories and the province of Alberta. This undermined the survival of French and la Francophonie in this new political structure. The Francophone community became even more vulnerable because of the sudden arrival of hundreds of thousands of immigrants over a period from 1896 to 1914.

+ Language rights
+ Settlement
+ Political and economical elite